2. Kang M, Mu GR, 1993. A. altissima is resistant to root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) In Victoria, it is designated a regionally controlled weed under the Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994 (CaLP Act), a category W2/W3 weed under the Noxious Weeds Act 1993 (NWA) in New South Wales, in Western Australia it is prohibited until assessed, and it is a declared weed in other states and territories (Anon., 1998). Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council., Nashville, USA: http://www.se-eppc.org/. Biogeography of mediterranean invasions [edited by Groves, R. H.; Castri, F. di] Cambridge, UK; Cambridge University Press, 159-177. The material on this Swingle. Swingle: Common Name: tree of heaven: Habitat: Waste places, disturbed soils, roadsides, successional forests, and rocky outcrops and summits. It was initially valued as an urban street tree and was widely planted in the Baltimore and Washington, D.C., area. Kowarik I, 1995. Pest insects and diseases of woody trees and shrubs in China. Indian Forester. Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542. Journal of Korean Forestry Society, 78(4):412-418; 26 ref. The tree bears unisexual flowers on different trees. 324 pp. Phytocoenologia. Arnoldia, 39(2):29-50. A. altissima is an interesting example of a species that has become invasive outside its natural climate zone, i.e. Trial test of super Ailanthus altissima clones. Gansu Forestry Bureau, 1985. Description. PQR database. compared to the more common greenish yellow has been named Ailanthus altissima The native range of this species is in China, where it forms part of the native broadleaf forests. Ailanthus glandulosa Desf (ou Ailanthus altissima): originaire des régions tempérées de Chine et des Moluques, il a été découvert par un jésuite italien dans la province de Nankin. Beijing, China: Science Press. China Flora. Flowers are unisexual, and a single tree can produce up to 1 million wind-dispersed seeds in a year (Weber, 2003).Environmental RequirementsA. Quite the same Wikipedia. David & Charles, Newton Abbot, UK, 704pp. http://www.botany.hawaii.edu. Cronk QCB, Fuller JL, 1995. http://www.dcr.state.va.us/dnh/fsaial.pdf. [Handbuch der Laubgeholze. StumpoutTM - commercial production of a fungal inoculant to prevent regrowth of cut wattle stumps in South Africa. Atlas de las plantas aloctonas invasoras en Espana. The plant can persist after burning, cutting and herbicide treatment and it is recommended that seedlings are removed by hand as early as possible, removing the entire taproot. [Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. (1993) studied the biocontrol of overwintering larvae of Eucryptorrhynchus chinensis using the entomophilic nematodes Steinernema sp., S. feltiae and S. glaseri. 3. Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii. Environmental Management, 37(6):764-772. http://www.springerlink.com/content/53231657248n62vk/?p=8135dda138ee47ea86bcce4ad7c4f590&pi=2. American Journal of Botany, 77(5):662-670. Cheng JQ, Yang JJ, Liu P, 1992. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Tree of Heaven; Large specimen growing in a park in Germany: Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae: Clade: Badalamenti E, Barone E, Pasta S, Sala G, Lamantia T, 2012. Tolerant of pollution, it became a popular street tree in the 19th century. 30 In the transliteration of the Chinese names, the spelling is adopted from the Wade System of romanization as it appeared in Mathew’s Chinese-English Dictionary, Harvard University, 1950 edition. Most leaflets have one to three coarse teeth near their base. 378 pp. EPPO Global database. 49, and 10%, respectively, compared with the level of feeding on A. altissima. The only states where it hasn't been reported are Vermont, New Hampshire, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming and Montana. E. narcissus is a serious defoliator of saplings. Mature trees can reach 80 feet in height. It is used for fuelwood and charcoal production in several countries. X-ray diffraction analysis The XRD analysis of copper oxide nanoparticles synthesized using Ailanthus altissima leaf extract is illustrated in Fig. Band I: Gattungen A-D.]. Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Secondary wind dispersal enhances long-distance dispersal of an invasive species in urban road corridors. [The susceptibility of street trees to salt pollution.]. 34 photographs available, of which 11 are featured on this page. ailanthus has probably become differentiated into genetically different subpopulations . The checkered career of Ailanthus altissima. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Division of Biological Sciences, Missoula, USA: University of Montana. Journal of Arboriculture, 29(1):42-48. Managing tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima) in parks and protected areas: a case study of Rondeau Provincial Park (Ontario, Canada). pendulifolia Dippel 1892. Cech TL, 1998. In Europe, A. altissima has colonized disturbed sites along roads and ditches, particularly in the Mediterranean region, where has successfully invaded several habitats including old fields, scrubland and pine, oak and riparian forests (Kowarik, 1983; Lepart et al., 1991; Kowarik and Säumel, 2007; Constán-Nava, 2012). Zelenin AV, 1976. ]; 25 ref. erythrocarpa Luna RK, 1996. (Ailanthus altissima) Tree-of-heaven, also known as Chinese sumac, is a deciduous tree native to northeast and central China and Taiwan. Luken JO, Thieret JW, 1996. On the dry end of the moisture spectrum it is drought hardy, and on the wet end it cannot tolerate flooding. Cult. Noxious Weeds List for Australian States and Territories., Australia: National Weeds Strategy Executive Committee (NWSEC). Luken and Thieret (1997) cited reports of preliminary investigations into natural enemies. Flowers are unisexual, small and yellow, in large panicles; male flowers having an unpleasant odour. Silviculture of Chinese Trees., Beijing, China: China Agriculture Press. Live Statistics. The aim of this study was to determine the degree to which a worldwide invader, A. altissima (Simaroubaceae) has occupied its potential range in South Africa, to identify areas at risk of future invasion.
2020 ailanthus altissima range