3. Smith. Skolmen RG, 1963. Special areas in Hawaii: Wahiawa, Aiea, Kalopa, Tantalus, Pepeekeo. Eucalyptus robusta / Wikipedia (2) Eucalyptus robusta / AgroForestryTree Database (3) Studies on the chemical constituents of Eucalyptus robusta Sm. Online Database. 175 refs. Washington DC, USA: USDA. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. vešlusis eukaliptas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Mirtinių šeimos medieninis augalas (Eucalyptus robusta), paplitęs Australijoje. Brooker MIH, Kleinig DA, 1994. Eucalyptus robusta angl. Eucalypts for wood production. Uppsala, Sweden: International Rural Development Centre, University of Agricultural Sciences, 45-58. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. 1986, Ed. Agrociencia (Montecillo), 42(3):253-266. http://www.colpos.mx/agrocien/agrociencia.htm. Native to Southeastern Australia. Eucalyptus trees (Eucalyptus spp.) In Australia mature seed may be collected during the summer months from December-February (Boland et al., 1980).Associations. robusta is one of the most widely planted Eucalyptus species, and it has been introduced into many tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate areas, including many countries in Asia, Europe, Africa, America and the West Indies (see distribution table for details). Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. E.&S. Research Paper, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, No. Allelophatic interactions are an important factor in determining species distribution and abundance within plant communities (Kristina et al., 2006). Eucalypts for planting., Ed. ; [B]. On the offshore islands of south-east Queensland, such as Fraser Island, it is found on almost pure sands (Boland et al., 1984). Distribution: Eastern Australia. Perry, L.M. eucalyptus: From the Greek eu ‘good or well’ and calypha ‘covered’, alluding to the calyx which covers the flower like a lid. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Range Exp. 2010a, Pritchardia hardyi (Makaleha pritchardia), US Fish and Wildlife Service,
Webb, D.E., Wood, P.J., and Smith, J. ; 25pp. Webb DB, Wood PJ, Smith JP, Henman GS, 1984. Boxus P, 1992. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics., viii + 384 pp. 101. + 3 maps. The specific epithet (marginata) is a Latin word meaning "furnished with a border". The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Estrada KRFS, Bellei MM, Silva EAMda, 1993. It produces a strong, heavy wood useful for a number of outdoor and utility applications, including poles and pallets. Fitzg. This is the case in Madagascar, where extensive plantations of this species provide fuel, charcoal, transmission poles, construction timber, bridging material and flooring (Bertrand, 1992). 40. These monoculture plantations generate loss of plant diversity by shading, soil exposure, erosion, allelopathic activity and important changes in water infiltration and modifications in waterways, wetlands and swamps. Comparison of Eucalyptus grandis provenances and seed orchards in a frost frequent environment. In the past, the fungus Cylindrocladium scoparium [Calonectria kyotensis] has caused serious seedling losses in Florida (Durst, 1988), but is now controlled by soil sterilization and sprays. linearis R.T.Baker & H.G.Sm. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. The juvenile leaves are petiolate, ovate, up to 19 × 8 cm, strongly discolorous, green, opposite for several pairs, then alternate. APNI* Synonyms: Eucalyptus multiflora var. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx. E. robusta is one of the Eucalyptus species most widely planted around the world. Adult leaves are petiolate, leathery, discolorous, glossy and dark green above, pale green below, broad-lanceolate, up to 17 × 4.5 cm.Inflorescences, flowers and fruits obusta eucalyptus (Eucalyptus robusta Sm. Robusta eucalyptus, Eucalyptus robusta, is native to a narrow coastal area in southeastern Australia. At least 5 million eucalyptus robusta trees were planted in Hawaii between 1910 and 1960 in total, for the sake of the forests, but also as a source for sustainable timber, delivering a hardwood that’s gorgeous and deep-red. 15. EDDMapS Distribution: This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. 1983, vii + 92 pp. Little EL Jr, 1983. This species is Introduced in the United States. Tissue culture of Eucalyptus. Closely allied to Eucalyptus elata, but generally distinguished from that species by its mallee habit, smooth bark that lacks a persistent basal stocking, a canopy of less pendulous, smaller, blue-green (rather than green) adult leaves, and smaller fruits.Plants with a generally similar habit (i.e. It is often used as a timber tree, shade tree, ornamental tree, in shelter belts as a windbreak tree and in water catchment rehabilitation. Canberra, Australia: Australian National University, pp. Because this species has a large number of economically important uses, it has been actively introduced in tropical and subtropical countries since the 1890s, resulting in the establishment of large Eucalyptus plantations. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Biology of eucalypts. Handbook of Energy Crops. Northern Australia. Blake. Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics. fuelwood in Floridaa summary report. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. An extensive review of the properties of the wood of E. robusta, and its utilization in several countries is provided by Fenton et al. However, the high humidity causes shrinkage and expansion which makes it unsuitable for furniture construction in most areas (Skolmen 1971, 1974). 159, 51-59; 27 ref. Genus: Eucalyptus L'Hér. http://i3n.institutohorus.org.br, Orwa C, Mutua A, Kindt R, Jamnadass R, Simons A, 2009. Doran JC, Turnbull JW, 1997. See more ideas about Eucalyptus robusta, Eucalyptus, Planting flowers. Fenton R, Roper RE, Watt GR, 1977. Pers. Growth of 11 introduced tree species on selected forest sites in Hawaii. Revista de Microbiologia, 24(4):232-238. Co., Ltd., Colombo. atitikmenys: lot. Eucalyptus robusta swampmahogany This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. U.S. For. No. Waterlogging modifies growth, water use and ion concentrations in seedlings of salt-treated Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. tereticornis, E. robusta and E. globulus. ), autumn gum moth, leaf beetle (Paropsis sp. Bertrand A, 1992. ; ISBN 0-621-04763-5; 208 ref. Pacif. In Sao Paulo, Brazil, E. robusta has been attacked by the bacterium Phytomonas tumifaciens [Rhizobium radiobacter] (National Academy of Science, 1983). A handbook for their identification. ; 72 ref. Rockwood DL, Meskimen GF, 1991. Commonwealth Forestry and Timber Bureau, Canberra, Australia: Government Printer. They reproduce by a mixed mating system, with both outcrossing and selfing occurring (Moran, 1992). St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Range Exp. Eucalyptus robusta JE. Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. Lowland tropical hardwoods. Eucalyptus robusta usually occurs in swampy sites. N.A.S. 4th ed. For. The only other consistently rough-barked species in this group is E. botryoides, which prefers similar coastal but less wet habitats (Boland et al., 1984). swamp mahogany šaltinis Valstybinės lietuvių kalbos komisijos… Wilcox MD, 1997. A guide to species selection for
Adult leaves disjunct, broad-lanceolate, 10–17 cm long, 2–4.5 cm wide, dark green, glossy, discolorous, penniveined. E. robusta forms pure stands or may be associated with other eucalypts such as E. resinifera, E. gummifera (syn. Firewood crops. Industrial application of micropropagation. and Eurymeloides sp. Eucalyptus robusta Sm., A specimen of the Botany of New Holland 1: 39 (1795). Marked by deeply furrowed dark gray-brown bark, eucalyptus robusta grows well in Halawa. More general accounts including illustrations are provided by Boland et al. In Sri Lanka and India, a well-known pathogen of tea Cercosporella theae [Calonectria theae] causes leaf spots and sunken purple cankers on young stems of E. robusta, while in Australia leaf spots on this species have been attributed to Readeriella mirabilis (see review in Fenton et al., 1977). Definitions of eucalyptus robusta, synonyms, antonyms, ... Distribution and habitat. Distribution Eucalyptus robusta information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands Information about Eucalyptus robusta in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.. Eucalyptus robusta information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands Information about Eucalyptus robusta--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution … Lebot V, Ranaivoson L, 1994. Auckland, New Zealand: Groome Pöyry Ltd. Zobel BJ, Van Wyk G, Stahl P, 1987. Field trials indicate that this hybrid significantly outperforms both parent species in height, volume, cold tolerance, and coppicing ability, but the hybrids tend to be slightly less straight than E. grandis. Save map. Hernández-Hernández RM, Ramírez E, Castro I, Cano S, 2008. Melbourne, Australia: Inkata Press. Bootle KR, 1983. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, I3N-Brasil, 2014. Computer index
Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. The sapwood is pale brown, 40 mm wide and susceptible to attack by lyctid borers (Keating and Bolza, 1982). Journal of Essential Oil Research, 22(6):510-513. http://www.jeoronline.com/. E. camaldulensis plantation yields in the drier tropics are often about 5-10 m³ ha-¹ yr-¹ on 10-20 year rotations, whereas in moister regions, volumes up … Craciun GCJ, 1978. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species., Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. (syn. Juvenile leaves disjunct, broad-lanceolate to ovate, dull blue-green or green. Sydney, Australia: CSIRO, Australia and Academic Press, 6-65. The medicinal and poisonous plants
The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. PSW-9:12. Schubert TH, Whitesell CD, 1985. Vol. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. Herbarium Catalogue (2 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode Common trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Nelson RE, Wong WHC, Jr, Wick HL, 1968. It occurs from coastal to mountainous locations and can reach a height of up to 50m under ideal conditions (Picture 1). Aradhya KM, Phillips VD, 1993. In: Harden GJ, ed. 2. ; 1 pl. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University. Australian Journal of Botany, 36(1):41-66. Marcar NE, Crawford DF, Leppert PL, Jovanovic T, Floyd R, Farrow R, 1995. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Strategies for the genetic improvement of yield in Eucalyptus. Watt, J.M. Biomass production by fast-growing trees. Delaware. Resource Bull. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. xv + 472 pp. Wood in Australia: types, properties and uses. The specific epithet (marginata) is a Latin word meaning "furnished with a border". Forest Products Journal, 46(10):57-60. f. – Risdon peppermint gum P: Species Eucalyptus robertsonii Blakely – narrow-leaf peppermint gum P: Species Eucalyptus robusta Sm. Griffin AR, Burgess IP, Wolf L, 1988. Botany, cultivation, chemistry, and utilization. General Technical Report, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, No. Working with mycorrhizas in forestry and agriculture., ix + 374 pp. Eucalyptus species have hermaphrodite, protandrous flowers and are primarily pollinated by insects and birds (Griffin, 1989). E. robusta occurs naturally in Australia, within a narrow coastal strip from southern New South Wales (near Nowra) to coastal south-eastern Queensland (north-west of Bundaberg). Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. [Die industrielle Nutzung der Mikrovermehrung.] Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press. PROTA4U web database. Dvorak WS, Franklin EC, Meskimen G, 1981. Seeds can be easily dispersed by wind and secondarily by water and human activities (Orwa et al., 2009). E. robusta spreads by seeds. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, USDA-ARS, 2014. This species has been planted extensively for these purposes in the USA (Hawaii, Florida and California), throughout the Caribbean and in several African countries. ; 212 ref. Myrtaceae -- Myrtle family. E. robusta is one of the Eucalyptus species most widely planted around the world. Robusta eucalyptus, Eucalyptus robusta, is native to a narrow coastal area in southeastern Australia.The species is widely adaptable and has been introduced into many tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate climates including Puerto Rico, southern Florida, coastal California, and Hawaii. Another fungus, Botryosphaeria ribis, causes cankers on the trunk (Jacobs, 1981). Pulpwood is the major use of E. robusta in Florida (Durst, 1988). robusta is a medium to large tree with a dense crown and long, spreading branches when grown in open ground. You can pan and zoom the map. 1981. tropical and sub-tropical plantations. APNI* Description: Tree to 40 m high; bark smooth, white or grey, shedding in large plates or flakes. E. robusta has a dense, deep crown of dark green leaves and seasonally abundant creamy white flowers, and is suitable for shade, shelter and as an ornamental tree (Poynton, 1979; Hillis and Brown, 1984; Webb et al., 1984). Tropical gardening and planting. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. The species is used for honey production in many areas where it is planted (Little, 1983; Carlowitz, 1986). Sydney: New South Wales University Press, 76-142. Eucalyptus robusta Sm.- a case study of an advanced generation hardwood breeding program in southern Florida. Therefore, the probability of this species colonizing new habitats or being intentionally introduced into new habitats remains high. Geary TF, Meskimen GF, Franklin EC, 1983. In: Hillis WE, Brown AG, eds. Ruskin FR, 1983. Working with mycorrhizas in forestry and agriculture. There are presently 789 recognized species of eucalypt, together with a further 123 subspecies or varieties, giving a total of 912 eucalypt taxa (Wilcox, 1997). Refresh the page in your browser to view updated content. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. Description. Distribution: Eastern Australia. Res. A palavra Eucalipto (do grego, eu + καλύπτω ) significa “ verdadeira cobertura”, e é isso que as florestas de eucalipto significam para as paisagens Australianas. ; 22 pl. PSW-169, 12 pp. Washington DC, US; Department of Agriculture. Griffin AR, 1989. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Currently E. robusta is listed as invasive in Brazil, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and islands in the Pacific Ocean (see distribution table for details).
2020 eucalyptus robusta distribution